Aim of Paris Agreement on Climate Change
The Paris Agreement on climate change is a landmark agreement that was adopted by 196 parties in 2015, which aims to limit global warming to well below 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels and pursue efforts to limit the temperature increase to 1.5 degrees Celsius.
The aim of the Paris Agreement is to strengthen the ability of countries to deal with the impacts of climate change and to enhance the resilience of ecosystems and societies. This is achieved through a number of measures, including:
1. Mitigation: The Paris Agreement aims to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by promoting the use of renewable energy sources and by limiting the use of fossil fuels. It also requires countries to submit their nationally determined contributions (NDCs), which are their commitments towards reducing emissions.
2. Adaptation: The Paris Agreement recognizes the need to adapt to the impacts of climate change, particularly in vulnerable countries. It encourages countries to develop and implement adaptation plans and to increase their capacity to deal with the impacts of climate change.
3. Finance: The Paris Agreement recognizes the importance of finance in supporting climate action. Developed countries are required to provide financial resources to help developing countries with the cost of mitigation and adaptation measures.
4. Technology transfer: The Paris Agreement recognizes the importance of technology in addressing climate change. It encourages the transfer of technology from developed countries to developing countries to support their efforts to mitigate and adapt to climate change.
Overall, the aim of the Paris Agreement is to create a global framework for action on climate change, which can be adapted to the specific needs of individual countries. By working together, countries can reduce greenhouse gas emissions, adapt to the impacts of climate change and support sustainable development. The Paris Agreement represents a significant step forward in the battle against climate change and provides hope for a sustainable future for generations to come.