2 GRAPHIC TRANSFER OF POWER CIVIL AFFAIRS GRANTED UNITED STATES NETHERLANDS UNITED KINGDOM AFNEI NICA CIVIL AFFAIRS AGREEMENT AUGUST 24, 1945 The commander of the British occupation army in Indonesia will occupy power on behalf of the Dutch government. When implementing civil government issues, implementation was organized by the NICA under British responsibility. Power was then returned to the Kingdom of the Netherlands. After Japan surrendered to the Allies on August 15, 1945, the Dutch, who still felt masters in their former colonies, prepared to return to the Indië Nederlands as rulers. Indeed, the Netherlands had lost its right to Dutch-Indian territory because, on March 9, 1942 in Kalijati, near Subang, after being defeated for a week by the Japanese army, the Dutch government, represented by the commander-in-chief of the Dutch army, Lieutenant General Hein ter Poorten, had signed a document of unconditional surrender to the Dai Nippon army led by Lieutenant General Hitochi Imamura. Commander of the 16th Army. The content of the negotiations is the agreement for the transfer of Indonesia from the British side to the Dutch side, which specifically concerns Sumatra (Indonesian territory presented by the South East Asia Command (SEAC). In accordance with these provisions, the Commander-in-Chief of the Allied Army will be authorized, in the first phase, to organize military operations, conduct military operations and restore low-level order (security and order). The most important point for the Netherlands in this agreement is the willingness of the British to help the Dutch with military power and Indonesian territory, “cleansed” by the armed forces supporting the Republic of Indonesia and subject to the Dutch Civil Administration (NICA). They entered through several gates of Indonesia. Especially areas that are the center of the Japanese occupation government, such as Jakarta, Semarang and Surabaya.

Civil Affairs Agreement or translated into Indonesian is the purpose of Civil Affairs is an agreement between the United Kingdom and the United Kingdom of the Netherlands aimed at conquering Eastern Dutch India from the British side representing the Allies of the Government of the Netherlands. . . .