The compensation system is an integral part of the collective agreement as it defines minimum wages. The collective agreement guarantees the correct evolution of wages. To this end, he agrees with the minimum wages and general wage increases that form the basis of the employee compensation system. In addition, you can negotiate your personal increases. The term “collective bargaining” was first used in 1891 by Beatrice Webb, founder of the INDUSTRIAL relations sector in the United Kingdom. [2] It refers to the type of collective bargaining and agreements that have existed since the rise of trade unions in the 18th century. Agreements are usually specific to the field. They include the conditions of employment of working office workers, for example. B, in the finance, IT services, construction, metallurgical and data communication sectors.

There are provisions that are recorded in collective agreements that are not regulated by legislation. These issues include travel expenses, vacation bonuses, extra days off (called “pekkasvapaat”) or sick or maternity leave benefits. In Finland, collective agreements are of general application. This means that a collective agreement in an industry becomes a general legal minimum for an individual`s employment contract, whether or not he or she is unionized. For this condition to apply, half of the workers in this sector must be unionized and therefore support the agreement. In 24 states,[13] workers working in a unionized company may be required to participate in representation fees (for example. B for disciplinary hearings) if their colleagues negotiated a union security clause in their contract with management. The fee is usually 1 to 2% of the salary. However, union members and other employees receive on average a wage increase of 5 to 10% compared to their non-unionized (or unsured) colleagues. [9] Some states, particularly in the southern parts of the central and southeastern United States, have banned union security clauses; This can be controversial because it allows some net beneficiaries of the union contract to avoid paying their share of the cost of contract negotiations. Regardless of the state, the Supreme Court ruled that the law prevented a person`s trade union rights from being used without consent to fund political concerns that might conflict with the individual`s personal policy.

Instead, in states where union security clauses are permitted, these deviants can only pay the share of levies paid directly to the representation of workers. [14] A collective agreement is a written contract between an employer and a union representing workers. The KBA is the result of a broad negotiation process between the parties on issues such as wages, hours and terms of employment. In the United States, the National Labor Relations Act of 1935 made it illegal for every employer to deny trade union rights to a worker. The issue of unionization of government employees in a public sector union was much more controversial until the 1950s. In 1962, President John F. Kennedy passed an executive order granting federal employees the right to form unions. Pro`s collective agreement guarantees a level playing field of contractual relationship and fair compensation.