In 1839, Britain invaded China to crush resistance to its participation in the country`s economic and political affairs, and was one of the main objectives of the British war: the occupation of Hong Kong Island, populated on the coasts of southeastern China. The new British colony (Hong Kong Island) prospered as it became a shopping centre between East and West and a commercial and commercial centre for southern China, and in 1898 Britain gained an additional 99 years of domination over Hong Kong under the second Beijing Agreement. The details of the treaty on the British mandate of Iraq were concluded on 25 April 1920 at the San Remo conference. The oil concession in the region was awarded to the British-controlled Turkish Petroleum Company (TPC), which held concession rights in Mosul province. British and Iraqi negotiators have had fierce discussions on the new oil concession. The League of Nations voted on the order of Mosul, and Iraqis feared that Iraq would lose territory without the help of the United Kingdom. In March 1925, the TPC was renamed the Iraq Petroleum Company (IPC) and was granted a full concession for 75 years. Mohamed Abdel-Kader Khalil, an Egyptian expert on Turkish affairs, said: “Turkish foreign policy in the Middle East is linked to the use of Turkish military capabilities in the region. This is reflected in Turkish military concentrations on the borders of Iraq and Syria and in its participation in the Red Sea through an agreement on the island of Sawken, Sudan, as well as by the Turkish military intervention in the northern Syrian town of Afrin.

One hundred years ago, French, British and Italian officials gathered in a famous porcelain factory southwest of Paris to divide the Ottoman Empire. Signed on August 10, 1920, the Treaty of Sevres ended months of well-diversified negotiations among the victors of the First World War and paved the way for the reshaping of the modern Middle East. It imposed conditions on the defeated Ottomans, widely considered even more punishable than the measures imposed on Germany by the Treaty of Versaille earlier this year, and forced the Empire to restore all its claims to the lands of the Middle East and North Africa. The Treaty of Lausanne resulted in international recognition of the sovereignty of the new Republic of Turkey as the successor state of the dissolved Ottoman Empire. [3] Following the treaty, the Ottoman public debt was divided between Turkey and the countries of the former Ottoman Empire. [27] The Strait Convention lasted only thirteen years and was replaced in 1936 by the Montreux Convention on the Strait Regime. The treaty`s customs restrictions were revised shortly after follow-up. On the Agreement side, the game of territorial barter had begun a year earlier, in March-April 1915, when the landing was planned at Gallipoli. The so-called Constantinople agreement between the three parties repeated the divisions that were to be formalized at Sykes-Picot.

In November 1914, the Ottoman Empire also had to relinquish its political and financial rights over Egypt and Sudan. In addition, at a commemorative ceremony in 2016, Erdogan said he rejected any understanding of the history that takes 1000 years of history of his nation and civilization in 1919″ Whoever let our last 200 years, even 600 years with his victories and defeats, and who jumps directly from the ancient Turkish history to the Republic, is an enemy of our nation and our state. , he explained.